“State statutes delegate power to local governments to prepare comprehensive plans, zone land, regulate subdivisions, require the installation of public facilities in new developments, and redevelop older areas. They affect the quality of life that the built environment yields. They help determine public costs and tax burdens associated with providing infrastructure and public services, such as streets, sewer systems, and schools. The price you pay for housing, or indeed whether affordable housing is even available, is influenced by state planning and zoning enabling statutes and local policies that are authorized by and carried out under those state statutes. A local government’s ability to designate areas of the community for commerce and industry, and thus help create a place for jobs, is also a function of enabling legislation.”
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